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Geographical Information Systems

1 September 2018

It is extremely simple to plan a detailed route nowadays, down to which restaurants or gas stations we will pass on the way.

Using maps answers one of our most basic needs: spatial orientation.

As time went by and relevant information became available (to the extent of data overload), the need to analyze the links, events and processes that take place between the objects viewed in this space in a manner that may enable merging and retrieving information according to the edge user's needs.

GIS are Geographic Information Systems that integrate hardware, software and data allowing us to examine and reveal links, patterns and trends in maps, reports and graphs.

 These systems handle the spatial aspects of the information. They illustrate spatial content visually and suggest efficient alternatives that assist the user in making decision in real-time.

They are composed of three layers:

  • A storage layer: a database

  • A logical layer: data analysis and processing

  • A display layer: the user interface

In recent years, GIS systems have become an essential and efficient tool for the general public. The fact that it isn't only used by technology personnel is an important and meaningful step towards a comprehensive cultural experience.

Integrating Geographical Information systems into organizations' core processes

Geographical Information Systems will be integrated into organizations in areas such as logistics, maintenance, monitoring, purchasing, etc. "Enriching" IT systems with map displaying and spatial analysis abilities grants them access to deeper and more extensive information. A quick look at GIS systems provides quick answers to problems and inquiries.

Many phenomena can be represented via spatial display:

  • City planning: mapping areas in the city, analyzing transport systems, changes in the composition of the population, etc.

  • Ecology: mapping and forecasting fauna and flora distribution

  • Infrastructure and communication- managing infrastructure facilities, antennae location, testing signal strength and optimizing costs

  • Hydrology: calculating rain water volume and discharge, simulating the flow in lower and upper settings

  • Social geography: demography and financial aspects, behavioral models in the reviewed space

Some examples of everyday use of these systems:

  • The urban renewal map on the Ramat Gan Municipality website (click here to view) allows watching the various centers of activity throughout the neighborhood that might interest residents

  • Geographical information offered by the Ministry of Environmental Protection (click here to view) allows viewing the location of cellular antennae, monitoring stations, beach sanitation indicators, etc.

  • Map of the Marcus Campus of Beersheba University (click here to view) enables location buildings, parking spaces, assembly halls, etc. throughout the campus

GIS technology has revolutionized the accessibility, use and sharing of geography-based information. Integrating this technology into many professional areas has substantially changed our conduct as consumers in the existing information spaces.

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