Communities of practice
1 September 2007
Communities are a Knowledge Management solution which is established between the knowledge holders, people with a shared field of interest/business. The community can support an organic group in the organization which operates as a unit in the formal organizational structure, or support a relationship based on a matrix structure or any structure of the shadow organization (organizations which represent the virtual relationships between people's activities). An optimal KM solution for a community of practice includes a frontal component (i.e. personal meetings) and virtual component (computerized community). Combining them creates a synergy in which the whole is greater than the simple sum of its parts.